Writer, printer, newspaper publisher, humorist, pundit, educator, scientist, inventor, postmaster, politician, diplomat, abolitionist, patriot.
The list of Benjamin Franklin’s accomplishments and aphorisms is long, storied and impossible to condense effectively in one short film, book or review. But Award-winning filmmaker Ken Burns has successfully managed to corral and explore many facets of this extraordinary American in his new, two-part, four hour PBS documentary, Benjamin Franklin.
Part 1, Benjamin Franklin: Join or Die (1706-1774), premieres tonight, Monday, April 4, 2022, 8:00 – 10:00 p.m. ET. Part 2, Benjamin Franklin: An American (1775-1790), debuts tomorrow night, Tuesday, April 5, 2022, 8:00 – 10:00 p.m. ET. (Check local listings for air dates in your region and below for complete details.)
Benjamin Franklin’s distinguished literary, scientific and political career spanned almost the entire 18th century. His journey from Puritan youth to Enlightened adult and international celebrity was rich with color, humor and life experience that he relished and shared in his many published tomes.
“There are three things extremely hard–steel, a diamond, and to know thyself.”–Benjamin Franklin.
From beginning to end, his life was a work-in-progress. He never lost his drive to master new skills, satisfy his intellectual and scientific curiosity and his quest to improve the daily lives of others. He launched the public library and a voluntary fire company, founded a college that would become the University of Pennsylvania, invented the Franklin stove, bifocal glasses and an ingenious musical instrument called the armonica. He harnessed lightening and defined its electrical properties… and that was just the tip of the iceberg.
Franklin was also a man of many contradictions. He was a slave owner who came late to Abolition. His beloved wife, children and brother bore the emotional scars of his wanderlust, spurred by his insatiable entrepreneurial spirit, thirst for educational and scientific pursuits, and seduction by the old world charm and the ladies of London and Paris.
“He that falls in love with himself will have no rivals.”–Benjamin Franklin.
By the time he reached old age, he had studied, written, invented and absorbed enough to change the face of the American colonies for the better. And when he realized that colonial life under the thumb of the English monarchy was untenable, Franklin was reborn an American patriot.
His shrewd diplomatic skills turned the tide during our war for independence, assuring the success of our troops–who were outnumbered, lacked sufficient uniforms and weaponry–by successfully negotiating French intervention and monetary support. He laid the groundwork for our final break from the British Empire, helped draft and sign off on the Declaration of Independence and U.S. Constitution, thereby solidifying “our more perfect union” and our democracy.
Director Ken Burns and screenwriter Dayton Duncan pull familiar tools from Burns’ toolbox to bring Franklin’s complex history to life. Trademark voice-over narration by actor Peter Coyote sets the tone. Actor Mandy (“Homeland”) Patinkin voices Ben Franklin from young adulthood to old age; and actors Paul Giamatti, Josh Lucas and Liam Neeson, among others, voice key political figures and Franklin family members. Buddy Squires‘ camerawork smartly zeroes in on period woodcuts, maps, paintings and prints, and Philadelphia and Boston neighborhoods pivotal to Franklin’s back story. A line-up of astute historians and biographers provide critical context for Franklin’s every move.
On the surface, Benjamin Franklin fits the bill as a content rich Ken Burns documentary about an extraordinary American from a bygone era whose writings, inventions, scientific discoveries and visionary talent as a nation builder played a major role in the creation of life as we now know it in the USA. But it is much more than that.
Burns has never made lazy choices. Now, more than ever, they are driven by his passion to illuminate and inspire the better angels of our nature and nation. It is time to revisit the American Revolution, and how clever to do it from the perspective of a key player.
In the current national and international political climate, clouded by Trump and Putin, the film reminds us that the freedoms we take for granted were not easily won and the Constitution that defines our democracy was not easily sealed. The parallels with the brave Ukrainian patriots’ fight to save their independence and democracy are crystal clear.
During an interlude following the U.S. Constitution’s adoption, Franklin’s neighbor Elizabeth Willing Powel reportedly asked, “What have we got, a republic or a monarchy?” “A republic,” Franklin responded. “If you can keep it.”
Let Ben Franklin then and the Ukrainians now inspire us to continue to defend and protect our most valuable asset: our U.S. Constitution.
Part 1, Benjamin Franklin: Join or Die (1706-1774), premieres tonight, Monday, April 4, 2022, 8:00 – 10:00 p.m. ET. Part 2, Benjamin Franklin: An American (1775-1790), debuts on Tuesday, April 5, 2022, 8:00 – 10:00 p.m. ET. Check local listings for air times and repeat broadcasts in your region. The two-part film will also be available to stream for free on all station-branded PBS platforms, including PBS.org and the PBS Video App available on iOS, Android, Roku, Apple TV, Android TV, Amazon Fire TV, Samsung Smart TV, Chromecast and VIZIO. PBS station members can also view the documentary via PBS Passport, as part of a full collection of Ken Burns’ films.–Judith Trojan
Great review! I’m looking forward to learning more about Franklin!
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Your blog underscores that the latest Ken Burns offering is timely and bound to be thought provoking. I’ll tune in!
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Thanks for the great write-up., I saw Ken and Mandy Patinkin on Colbert the other night, which whet my appetite for this film. Looking forward to it.
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